As the Earth’s resources are limited it has become more and more important that something is done to ensure that these valuable resources are maintained. One solution is by implementing modular smart solar aquaponics systems. Aquaponics, an ancient technique dating back to the Aztecs and ancient China, is the co-raising of fish and plants in water. It is a sustainable food production method that combines advanced aquaculture with hydroponics, an aqua-agriculture system. This system consists of a recirculating aquaculture subsystem (rearing fish) and hydroponics (plant production without soil), wherein the water, in a circular flow, leaves the fish tanks, enriched with nutrients, which are used for plant growth and then returns to the fish tanks. This environmentally friendly system provides protein and vegetables, along with food security, for diverse populations worldwide.
The aquaponics system contributes to a climate-smart agriculture, ecosystem. By being used in communities it will build capital and an adequate supply of food while supporting climate-change adaptation. In developing countries, modular/urban aquaponics technology, as a small scale solution, can play a crucial role in food security and mitigating climate change, involving individuals, families, businesses and small communities. Additionally, combining aquaponics with smart ICT applications contributes significantly to the implementation of Climate Smart Agriculture.