Precision farming facilitated by data optimisation. Making agricultural management more intelligent. The integration of digital technologies with agricultural knowledge and experience has given rise to different so-called smart agricultural concepts, e.g. digital agriculture, connected agriculture, smart farming, precision agriculture, smart water agriculture, and intelligent water, all using diverse smart technologies in a cohesive system of getting the data, managing the data and using the data Developing smart ICT solutions to optimise aquaponics systems, allowing remote monitoring and data gathering, precision farming with the resource-efficient application of both water and fertiliser; understanding and demonstrate where effective ecosystem-based approaches are being usedand are effective in urban and rural settlements; etc.